BurtJordaan » October 15th, 2019, 7:34 am wrote: Did you read what I wrote about gravitationally bound orbits? They do not increase in orbital radius. The inter-cluster voids do expand with the universal expansion and that's that - full-stop with this kind of dissident discussion here. One more round and then the thread will be closed.

Yes, I did read your comment about gravitationally bound orbits but you make it sound as if universal expansion does not apply within a galactic cluster but expansion applies everywhere there is spacetime like air pressure. Gravity may hold the galaxies together but spacetime changes are universal. That's why I asked about it again.

I am not questioning the standard model even though I have my doubts. I am attempting to understand your view of the same since we don’t share the same understanding and I find some of your views to be inconsistent.

For simplicity I can boil it down to one main issue related to some of the others. You say cosmological time is unchanging while the dynamic of universal expansion is “the metric expansion of space. More light years, not “longer light years”.

My question is, how can

c be a constant if distance is increasing but time remains unchanged ?

Since

c= d/t , the rate of time must change if distance is increasing. The ratio of

d/t can remain equal to

c if the changes are proportional but this is only possible if time varies proportionally to distance as it does in GR. How is this possible if, as you claim, time can not change?

Time can be made a constant in popular models where time is used as a co-moving coordinate but this makes

c a variable. Space can also be made a constant the same way yielding a model of the universe that is the inverse of the other and I personally think the latter model conforms better to observations but neither model is likely to be our reality.