Scroll Trench, Stonehenge

Discussions unearthing human history including cultural anthropology, linguistics, etc.

Scroll Trench, Stonehenge

Postby Garry Denke on July 29th, 2011, 7:53 am 

[1] flickr.com/photos/65703630@N04

Scroll Trench, also called Arc Trench, is a 25 ft (7.6m) long by 9 ft (2.7m) wide curved cutting into the Late Cretaceous (Santonian Age) Seaford Chalk formation at Stonehenge in England. Located within the (southern) Avenue, it begins as a shallow disturbance over Stonehole B (WA 3606) increasing in depth east-northeast as it scrolls-arcs to the East deeper, its final depth being unknown. This broad feature cuts perpendicular through Heelstone Ditch whose segment is missing there in its curved path towards Stonehole 96 (WA 163), the Heelstone. It is exceedingly deep (6 ft, 1.8m) where it crosses just East passed the missing segment of Heelstone Ditch (average depth: 4 ft, 1.2m). Entirely cut away is Heelstone Ditch's lower-half fill of Early Carboniferous (Arundian Age) High Tor Limestone and its upper-half fill of silted-in periglacial cryoturbated chalk. Scroll Trench's backfill soil is a mixture of both lithologies and stone chips of all Stonehenge period varieties, indicating it postdates their occurrences. Stratigraphic sequence runs Scroll Trench - Stonehole 97 - Heelstone Ditch - (southern) Avenue Bank, from most recent to earliest. Lt-Col William Hawley found Scroll Trench in his "Excavations at Stonehenge during the season of 1923";

"I did not follow the course of it up to the Helestone, as I should like to have done, for I avoided going nearer to it than 10 ft., fearing to disturb its stability (the depth being unknown)" - "A satisfactory examination would not be possible without permission and assistance from the Office of Works." (page 25)

Scroll Trench, eastward from Heelstone Ditch to the Heelstone, remains unexcavated to this day. The feature was dated by Office of Works' draughtsman Robert Newall as 7th-6th century BC, with an electrum stater coin. Hawley sought permission to fully examine it satisfactorily, and he sought assistance in stabilising Heelstone while investigating it, but neither were granted.[1] Office of Works, now Department for Culture, Media and Sport (Secretary): Jeremy Hunt; National Trust for Places of Historic Interest or Natural Beauty (Board of Trustees): Simon Jenkins, Sir Laurie Magnus Bt, Patrick Casement, Sir Crispin Davis, Richard Farrant, Sir Edward Greenwell, Charles Gurassa, Nichola Johnson, Sir Mark Jones, Adrian Phillips, Michael Quicke, Mary Villiers; Historic Building and Monuments Commission for England (Chair): Baroness Kay Andrews; (Commissioners): Lynda Addison, Maria Adebowale, Joyce Bridges, Manish Chande, Sir Barry Cunliffe, David Fursdon, Ronald Hutton, Jane Kennedy, John Walker, Elizabeth Williamson; (Chief Executive): Simon Thurley; (Executive Directors): Mark Pemberton, Edward Impey, Deborah Lamb, Keith Harrison; not interested in obtaining a satisfactory examination.

[1] panoramio.com/photo/56014552

Heelstone Hound
Garry Denke
 


Historical Timeline of Concrete

Postby Garry Denke on August 28th, 2011, 11:56 pm 

6500 BC
A form of concrete dating to 6500 B.C. was discovered by archaeologists in Syria. The Image is "One of the dead towns in northern Syria."
5600 BC
The earliest concrete yet discovered in Europe was developed along the Danube River in Yugoslavia. Stone age hunters or fishermen mixed red lime, sand, gravel and water.
4400 BC
Stonehenge builders mixed Welsh pulverized Bluestone volcanic ash and tuff (Pozzolan) together with crushed in situ Calcium carbonate (CaCO3) lime.
3000 BC
Chinese used cementitious materials to hold bamboo together in their boats and in the Great Wall. The Chinese used concrete in Gansu Province in northwest China.
2500 BC
Egyptians mixed mud mixed with straw to bind dried bricks. Also furthered the discovery of lime and gypsum mortar as a binding agent for building the Pyramids.
800 BC
Babylonians and Assyrians used a bitumen to bind stone and bricks. This allowed them to combine both large and small stone objects together.
600 BC
Greeks discovered a natural Pozzolan on Santorini Island that developed hydraulic properties when mixed with lime. This made it possible to produce concrete that would harden under water, as well as in the air."
586 BC
Altar of Burnt Offering containing 7 gold artifacts filled with a Slurry of pulverized Bluestone (volcanic ash and tuff) aggregate and lime 4 ft (1.2m) below Heelstone, Stonehenge.
400 BC
Petra (Greek, "city of rock"), also known as Sila, ancient city of Arabia (now southwestern Jordan). The stronghold and treasure city of the Nabataeans, an Arab people.
300 BC
Romans used slaked lime and volcanic ash (Pozzolan), found near Pozzouli, Italy by the bay of Naples. Pliny the Elder reported a mortar mixture of 1 part lime to 4 parts sand. Vitruvius reported 2 parts of Pozzolan to 1 part lime.
193 BC
Porticus Aemilia made of bound stones to form concrete.
75 BC
Romans use a pozzolanic, hydraulic cement to build the theater at Pompeii and the Roman baths. The cement was a ground mix of lime and a volcanic ash containing silica and alumina.
44 BC
Palatine Hill (Latin: Palatium), the centermost of the 7 hills of Rome, one of the most ancient parts of the city of Rome, Italy. It is some 70 meters high.
25 BC
Ancient harbor at Caesarea, Israel built by Herod the Great.

Historical Timeline of Concrete
Garry Denke
 


Re: Scroll Trench, Stonehenge

Postby Forest_Dump on August 29th, 2011, 9:56 am 

I suppose there are some details I would either immediately dispute, clarify or look into further but at this point I am not sure what it is that I am supposed to be interested in. Is there some kind of point or argument being made here?
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Re: Scroll Trench, Stonehenge

Postby Garry Denke on September 13th, 2011, 7:03 am 

♥ YHWH Allah (LORD God)

Ezekiel's & Daniel's Beasts: Heelstone, Stonehenge

KNOW ALL MEN BY THESE PRESENTS: that English Heritage, Council for British Archaeology, The National Trust, Wessex Archaeology and United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) have been and are INTENTIONALLY CAUSING DAMAGE to an 8'x8'x4' Brass Relic containing 7 Gold Artifacts embedded in Arundian Limestone / Pozzolanic Bluestone concrete 4' (1.2m) below Heelstone at Stonehenge, UK. THIS OFFICIAL PUBLIC RECORD: Dated; 12th September 2011, this Harvest Moon. -- Wizard Merlyn, King Arthur --

1. Time Team | Facebook
2. The Royal Society | Facebook
3. John Glen MP - Working for Salisbury | Facebook
4. Arthur Pendragon | Facebook
5. Council for British Archaeology - Non-Profit Organization - York, United Kingdom | Facebook
6. The Open University - Education - Milton Keynes | Facebook
7. Rabbi Wolpe - Public Figure - Los Angeles | Facebook

Temperature Variations caused 2,596 year old Heelstone Concrete volume (9.48 cubic-yards; 256 cubic-feet) to crack (Layman - When temperature rises, concrete expands; When temperature falls, concrete contracts). Because the Heelstone Concrete is restrained by Heelstone weighing about ~35 tons: ~70,000 pounds; Heelstone produced Tensile Stresses which caused Heelstone Concrete to crack. Moisture Content changes in Heelstone Concrete also resulted in Expansion and Contraction (Layman - When concrete gains moisture, concrete expands; When concrete loses moisture, concrete contracts). Coefficient of Thermal Expansion in these Heelstone Core Samples range from ~5.5 millionths per degree Fahrenheit (0.000055/°F) to ~10 millionths per degree Celsius (0.000010/°C). Does anyone want to Review Contaminants in the Stonehenge Water absorbed by Heelstone Concrete tonight, whilst Heelstone Artifacts undergo More Damage, this Harvest Moon? (such Contaminants include: chloride and sulphate salts, carbonates, etc). -- Queen Artio (Art) --

Fortunately Seven (7) Archaeologists:

1. Miranda Aldhouse-Green, Archaeologist
Prof Miranda Aldhouse-Green
2. Julian Richards, Archaeologist
Archaemedia - The Official Web Site of Julian Richards
3. Mike Pitts, Archaeologist
Mike Pitts | The Council for British Archaeology
4. Timothy Darvill, Archaeologist
Timothy Darvill OBE - School of Applied Sciences - Bournemouth University
5. Mike Parker Pearson, Archaeologist
Our Staff
6. Geoff Wainwright, Archaeologist
Cardiff University - My Cardiff - Professor Geoff Wainwright
7. Mike Heyworth, Archaeologist
Dr Mike Heyworth MBE | The Council for British Archaeology

Care about Artifacts' Damaged.

-- Wizard Merlyn, King Arthur (Wart) Artaius, Queen Artio (Art) --

Gee Whiz, this is only One (1) of the many "Universal Magnetic Reversals" (UMRs), in an infinite amount of Universes: it is Surely not the first; And this Will not be the last. Archaeologists must initiate Digging operations at Stonehenge inside Scroll Trench (Washington Foxhole) however. Decidedly, I AM not re-charging this Universe unless Digging commences before the Autumnal Equinox scheduled "UMR" time: 9:04 AM (UTC) 23rd September '11.

♥ YHWH Allah (LORD God)
Garry Denke
 



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